Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Biography and facts

Published by Heena Qureshi on

Abdul Qadir Jilani, also known as Sheikh Abdul Qadir al-Jilani or simply “Ghous-ul-Azam” (The Greatest Helper), was a prominent Islamic scholar, theologian, jurist, and Sufi mystic who lived during the 11th century. His life and teachings have left an enduring legacy in the Islamic world. In this 1000-word biography, we will explore the remarkable journey of Abdul Qadir Jilani.

Early Life:

Abdul Qadir Jilani was born in 1077 CE in the city of Jilan, which is in present-day Iran. His full name was Abu Muhammad Abdul Qadir ibn Abi Salih Abdul Wahid al-Jilani al-Hasani wal-Hussaini. He was born into a pious and respected family of religious scholars. From an early age, Abdul Qadir displayed a remarkable intellect and a deep inclination towards spirituality.

Education and Spiritual Quest:

He began his formal education in Islamic sciences at a young age and quickly progressed through various stages of learning. His insatiable thirst for knowledge led him to study under renowned scholars of his time. He mastered various fields, including theology, jurisprudence, and the Quranic sciences.

However, Abdul Qadir Jilani’s quest for spiritual enlightenment went beyond conventional education. At the age of 18, he embarked on a journey of spiritual discovery, leaving his hometown and wandering through various regions, including Baghdad.

Settling in Baghdad:

It was in Baghdad, a city renowned for its rich intellectual and spiritual atmosphere, that Abdul Qadir Jilani found his spiritual mentor, Sheikh Hammad ad-Dabbas. Under his guidance, Abdul Qadir deepened his understanding of Sufism, a mystical Islamic practice that seeks a direct personal experience of God. He embraced a life of asceticism, prayer, and contemplation.

Founding the Qadiriyya Sufi Order:

Abdul Qadir Jilani’s reputation as a scholar and a spiritual guide grew rapidly. He attracted a significant following, and in 1165 CE, he established the Qadiriyya Sufi order. This order emphasized the importance of inward purification, self-discipline, and the love of God. The Qadiriyya order soon spread throughout the Islamic world, and it continues to have a significant presence today.

Spiritual Teachings:

Abdul Qadir Jilani’s teachings emphasized the importance of a personal connection with God. He believed that true spirituality transcended mere rituals and involved a deep, heartfelt devotion to the Divine. He stressed the need for humility, compassion, and selflessness as essential qualities for spiritual growth.

Miracles and Influence:

Abdul Qadir Jilani is said to have performed numerous miracles during his lifetime, which further cemented his reputation as a saintly figure. These miracles included healing the sick, providing for the needy, and guiding lost souls back to the path of righteousness.

His influence extended beyond the realm of spirituality. He often advised rulers and leaders on matters of governance and justice, earning their respect and admiration.


Abdul Qadir Jilani passed away on February 21, 1166 CE, but his legacy lives on. The Qadiriyya Sufi order continues to be one of the most widespread and influential Sufi orders in the world. His writings, particularly the “Futuh al-Ghaib” (Revelations of the Unseen), remain essential texts for those on the Sufi path.


In conclusion, Abdul Qadir Jilani’s life was a testament to the power of spirituality, humility, and devotion to God. His teachings and the Sufi order he founded continue to inspire and guide countless individuals on their spiritual journeys. His legacy reminds us of the enduring importance of seeking a deeper connection with the Divine and living a life of compassion and selflessness. Abdul Qadir Jilani’s impact on Islamic spirituality and scholarship remains profound, and his memory is revered by millions around the world.

Categories: Learn Islam

Heena Qureshi

My Name is Heena Qureshi, and I am a proud Muslima who loves to share Islam and the knowledge of various fields with others.


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